Alcatel-Lucent 4A0-C01 : Nokia NRS II Composite exam Exam
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Exam Number : 4A0-C01
Exam Name : Nokia NRS II Composite Exam
Vendor Name : Alcatel-Lucent
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4A0-C01 exam Format | 4A0-C01 Course Contents | 4A0-C01 Course Outline | 4A0-C01 exam Syllabus | 4A0-C01 exam Objectives
Exam Name: Nokia NRS II Composite Exam
Exam Number: 4A0-C01
Credit Towards Certifications: Nokia Network Routing Specialist II
Nokia Service Routing Architect
Mandatory exam Prerequisites: N/A
Exam Duration: 120 minutes
Exam Appointment Duration: 165 minutes. This is the exam duration plus a 45 minute tutorial on computer-based examinations.
Number of Questions: 70
- Demonstrate a basic overall understanding of link state protocols
- Express a basic overall understanding of IP routing design
- Describe the various routing protocol databases (routing, forwarding and link state)
- Demonstrate an understanding of route redistribution and route filter policies
- Understand static and default routes
- Explain the basic operations of OSPF and implementation and operability of OSPF in a network
- Understand OSPF in basic and complex network topologies
- Understand OSPFv3
- Understand single and multi area networks in OSPFv3
- Explain the basic operations of IS-IS, and implementation and operability of IS-IS in a network
- Understand IS-IS for IPv6
- Define the differences between IS-IS and OSPF
- Understand OSPF operations and OSPF routing issues
- Understand networking utilizing a combination of OSPF and IS-IS
- Understand IPv6 basics and IPv6 addressing
- Explain the basic concepts of MPLS technology such as forwarding equivalence classes (FECs), labels and label stacks, label distribution, LSPs and MPLS packet forwarding
- Describe the MPLS header structure and explain the label operations of pop, push and swap
- List the characteristics of different label distribution protocols and compare them
- Explain how LDP works to distribute labels for FECs and establish LSPs
- Describe traffic engineering and its advantage in an MPLS network.
- Identify the traffic engineering extensions made to the IGP routing protocols and understand how they are used with CSPF to establish traffic engineered LSPs
- Demonstrate how RSVP-TE is used to establish traffic engineered LSPs using RSVP signaling messages to distribute labels, specify constraints for the LSP and request LSP protection mechanisms
- Describe the concept of a shared risk link group (SRLG) and its use in traffic engineering
- State the purpose of using LDP over RSVP tunnels to provide traffic engineering in a hierarchical network
- Configure an MPLS-based core network using LDP, RSVP-TE, and LDP over RSVP
- List the various LSP protection mechanisms (Secondary/ Standby LSP, fast reroutes)
- Describe MPLS for IP routing (MPLS shortcuts)
- Configure 6PE on a network of 7750 SRs
- Configure RSVP-TE LSPs using each of the possible protection mechanisms
- Understand how to manage, monitor and perform basic troubleshooting of LDP-established LSPs on the Nokia 7750 Service Router (SR) and Nokia 7450 Ethernet Service Switch (ESS)
- Understand how to manage, monitor and perform basic troubleshooting of RSVP-TE-established LSPs on the Nokia 7750 SR and Nokia 7450 ESS
- Demonstrate a basic overall understanding of Nokia services
- Differentiate between service access point (SAP) and network ports
- Provide an explanation for a service delivery point (SDP) and differentiate between mesh and spoke SDPs
- Differentiate between transport tunnels and service tunnels
- Correctly analyze the implications of maximum transmission unit (MTU) size
- Use the correct operations, administration and maintenance (OAM) tools to analyze a configured system
- Correctly define the terms related to VPWS services such as Epipe, Apipe, Fpipe, and Ipipe
- Correctly configure an Epipe service
- Manage Epipe services given an existing infrastructure including modifying, deleting, disabling, re-enabling, and creating these services
- Explain the issues related to VPWS interworking
- Describe the purpose and operation of a VPLS service
- Explain the different types of SAP encapsulations and describe their behavior
- Correctly configure a VPLS service
- Define and configure an Internet enhanced service (IES)
- Configure an IES spoke termination to a VPLS service
- Identify reasons to use mirror services and differentiate between local and distributed mirror services
- Configure and verify the operation of a remote mirror service
- Identify the protocols and technologies required to implement VPRN service
- Explain the interaction between the control and data plane of a VPRN service
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot an IPv4 and IPv6 VPRN service
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Alcatel-Lucent exam education
Eldorado Institute Laboratory on the Eldorado research Institute: investment in validation of instant transmission systemsEldorado Institute
essentially the most top notch face of science and expertise in Brazil is linked to the work produced with the aid of public universities and associations and improvements generated through groups. but there is a tons less frequent sort of firm that has emerged recently and been producing contributions: private institutes, usually nonprofits, filling orders for research for agencies and govt groups. There are 18 of this category of institute in the state of São Paulo, according to a survey published within the FAPESP 2015 Annual activity file. Some of these are affiliated with deepest hospitals and looking for to transfer the results of scientific analysis to the medication of patients. Others are facilities of research and building (R&D) that focus on challenges in areas like information expertise, telecommunications, and agronomy.
one of the oldest deepest institutes, and the one with the broadest portfolio of products and features is the middle for research and development in Telecommunications (CPqD). formerly a analysis core for the state-owned Telebras, it grew to be a personal nonprofit foundation 18 years ago, after the telecommunications business become privatized. Its 1,100 personnel work on projects in fields reminiscent of communications, laptop science, country wide protection, facts networks and protection that have been commissioned by means of companies taking abilities of the elements of the tips expertise Act, the Fund for Technological construction of Telecommunications (Funttel), the country wide Science and technology building Fund (FNDCT), and the Brazilian building bank’s Technological Fund (Funtec). The CPqD also conducts initiatives in partnership with the Brazilian Industrial analysis and Innovation service provider (Embrapii) and provides consulting services to groups.
The CPqD engages in chopping-facet research. recently a bunch coordinated by electrical engineer Jacklyn Dias Reis, from the CPqD, set a brand new fiber-optic distance and information transmission cost list. using 10 channels on the equal fiber, each with a four hundred gigabits per 2nd (Gbps) traffic means, the crew changed into capable of ship a big quantity of records along 370 kilometers (km) of optical fiber to attain its vacation spot with out blunders. (see Pesquisa FAPESP subject nº 246). a unique characteristic of the CPqD is that some projects finally develop into startup businesses. A latest case is BrPhotonics, a company established in 2014, specializing in building of high-pace optical communications (see Pesquisa FAPESP issue nº 238). before that, different companies had sprung from the ribs of the CPqD. Padtec, based as a element of the center in 1999, grew to be a non-public company in 2001 (see Pesquisa FAPESP difficulty nº 219). “now not only are we transferring potential to the typical public, but we always lose some of our group to the startups,” says Alberto Paradisi, vp of innovation at the CPqD, who emphasizes that the baby groups have additionally turn into partners of the groundwork—both BrPhotonics and Padtec work with the institute on optical communications projects commissioned by way of companies and govt.
The Eldorado analysis Institute, centered adjacent to the campus of the tuition of Campinas (Unicamp), became centered through Motorola in 1999 as a nonprofit. In its early years, it worked pretty much solely for that U.S. company, the use of money available beneath the tips technology Act. In 2009, it experienced an abrupt exchange when Motorola eliminated two-thirds of the initiatives that it had been sponsoring at Eldorado. The enterprise become bought the subsequent 12 months. “It became a troublesome time; we had just about no income and have been going into debt to build our headquarters,” recollects Jaylton Ferreira, superintendent of the Eldorado Institute. “The answer changed into to take an aggressive method to offering functions to different corporations.”
these days, the Eldorado mannequin is reasonably distinct. In 2015, the Institute carried out about a hundred and forty analysis tasks involving more than 60 distinctive organizations, together with Dell, Samsung, IBM—as well as Motorola. existing projects use cash from sources like the technology Fund of the Brazilian building bank (BNDES), as well as partnerships with Embrapii. The crew of about 800 employees and researchers works at facilities in Campinas, Brasília, and Porto Alegre where it's establishing new technologies and adapting existing ones to cellphones, capsules, and different gadgets, as well as conducting tests with that device to check even if the gadgets agree to Brazilian requirements. some of the funds is dedicated to analysis in fields that present potential for innovation, such because the cyber web of issues (which connects home home equipment and cars to the internet), digital fact, and assistive technology.
Institutes like the CPqD and Eldorado are devoted to both analysis and development but most facilities, mainly those linked with the cell phone industry, focus completely on the development aspect, primarily functions. laws and public guidelines that inspire groups to put money into R&D aid the work of a very good part of those institutes. The primary example is the tips know-how Act, which dates from the early Nineteen Nineties. It granted tax incentives within the type of a discount in the Federal cost-introduced Tax (IPI) to corporations that allocate some of their sales revenues to research. When the law first took impact, most businesses used the funds to support partnerships with universities. Later, huge businesses dependent facilities—usually as nonprofit foundations—to be able to have greater flexibility in allocating their financial elements.
Adriano Carvalho/Fundecitrus analysis on the sickness known as greening is carried out at the Fundecitrus laboratory in Araraquara…Adriano Carvalho/Fundecitrus
This changed into the case, for instance, with Alcatel Lucent, which based FITec, an institute with amenities in Campinas, São José dos Campos, Recife, and Belo Horizonte, or Venturus Innovation and expertise, established in 1995 via a consortium led by using Ericsson. “people who say that the counsel expertise Act has no longer created jobs or leveraged expertise in Brazil don’t understand they're talking about. a big volume of analysis become produced, due to the motivation in that legislations,” says Marcelo Abreu, manager of innovation and new company at Venturus. Headquartered in Campinas, the institute now has 300 employees and a pretty good a part of its salary comes from projects commissioned by means of companies that are taking advantage of the information know-how Act. it works for quite a lot of valued clientele, some of whom compete with each different, and keeps separate offices and groups for each project with a view to make certain confidentiality.
The main center of attention of Venturus is construction of functions for cell phones. “We were accountable for developing cell phone purposes for the ultimate two World Cups of Soccer that Sony mobile offered its valued clientele in all places the area,” Abreu says. In a analyze posted in 2010, Eva Stal, a professor at United Metropolitan schools in São Paulo, established that the institutes created by means of the stimulus provided by using the information technology Act developed imaginative capabilities that differed from the abilities that always effect from collaborations between organizations and universities. “by way of organising these institutes, businesses had an opportunity to decide what they had been going to do, and they developed competencies to fulfill the calls for of producers international,” she wrote. The ability to come up with new solutions persists, observes Gedier Ribeiro, supervisor of new company at the fit know-how Institute, headquartered in 2003 by using Singapore electronics brand Flextronics. “When a corporation can’t discover the solution it wants available in the market, we create a personalized technology. It can be a robot for its creation line, a set of application classes or an artificial intelligence gadget,” he explains. The establishment, primarily based within the metropolis of Sorocaba, has 260 personnel. “Seventy % of the tasks are according to tax concessions. a lot of businesses publish orders and pay with their personal dollars.”
The Brazilian private R&D institute mannequin reminds us of the research and technology companies (RTOs) deploy in constructing nations. Such centers fulfill the role of generating and disseminating new technologies, financed through govt, deepest consumers, and the provision of consulting capabilities. this is the case, as an instance, with the German firm IABG, established by way of Germany in 1961 to advance technologies for the aerospace trade. It became privatized in 1993 and now works for the car and telecommunications industries.
CTC …and plenty of sugarcane is being developed by way of the CTC in PiracicabaCTC
A case pleasing amongst private institutes is the Wernher von Braun middle for advanced research, in Campinas, a fabricated from the initiative taken through a single researcher, physicist Dario Sassi Thober. The normal idea turned into to conduct pure analysis in physics with talents functions in trade. Over time, the nonprofit establishment focused on developing application and semiconductors and on management techniques that work with very excessive volumes of information. The core designed an digital toll collection device it really is used on highways all over Brazil. It employs a label containing a chip that is installed on all the vehicles and communicates with detection devices located at toll plazas and parking lots. “We deploy a manufacturing facility in Asia to make the semiconductors we developed, which reduced operating charges for the customer,” Thober remembers. He feels keenly the lack of a couple of competencies who left the institute in 2015. “a few of them went to work for semiconductor companies in different countries, for salaries neatly above these paid in our market,” he laments.
analysis at hospitalsAnother atmosphere through which customized-ordered analysis has develop into more gigantic is the inner most health care sector. The health center Sírio-Libanês (HSL) in São Paulo introduced in 2015 that it is undertaking genetic trying out to e book the choice of the most valuable remedies in opposition t cancer and to deliver early detection of disease development and the development of resistance to the medicine used in treatment (see PESQUISA FAPESP subject nº 237). The work, coordinated via geneticist Anamaria Camargo, was finished on the Syrian-Lebanese Institute of education and research (IEP) which has a thousand m2 meters of laboratory house. The IEP and other institutes affiliated with hospitals within the state of São Paulo follow a model that combines fitness care with education and analysis. The research is structured in two categories: clinical and experimental. the former investigates the effects of medication and healing procedures Tested on patients. These reviews may be ordered and subsidized by using pharmaceutical companies. In experimental research, the IEP is looking for ways to combat diseases or enhance remedies, even though the consequences at the beginning don't have any purposeful utility.
Ana Maria Malik, a health care provider and professor at the São Paulo college of company Administration (FGV-SP), explains that the strategy of investing in analysis helps hospitals develop into centers of excellence. “They benefit prominence, for that reason attracting certified researchers that helps them upgrade the overall capabilities of their personnel,” she explains. In 2008, researchers linked to the HSL published 38 articles in listed journals. In 2016, that number is likely to reach 170. “A percent of these reviews all started out as clinical cases of hospitalized patients,” studies Luiz Fernando Lima Reis, director of the IEP-HSL. In 2016, the HSL will make investments about R$20 million in analysis. Half of this comes from the clinic’s own price range and the relaxation from contracts with trade, backed medical trials, or expertise validation initiatives. The amount bought from businesses like FAPESP and the country wide Council for Scientific and Technological building (CNPq), represents R$1 million. another R$1 million comes from donations.
Epidemiological research, above all in cardiology and nephrology, as well as scientific reports financed via the pharmaceutical trade are conducted on the research core operated by using the Beneficiência Portuguesa clinic of São Paulo. follow-u.s.on cardiology sufferers who've gone through revascularization surgical procedure or angioplasty date from 2009. in the past three years, more than 107 scientific articles have been posted. a lot of these discuss patients being monitored by using the health facility. “We are seeking for new tips on how to motivate research,” says Luiz Eduardo Bettarello, govt superintendent of Technical building on the Beneficiência Portuguesa hospital of São Paulo. meanwhile, at the Institute of training and health Sciences on the Oswaldo Cruz German clinic, lots of the funding for research is acquired via partnerships with agencies, observes neurologist Jefferson Gomes Fernandes, its superintendent of education and Sciences. “The institute has been conducting medical analysis with participation through the physicians on its scientific team of workers,” he says.
Von Braun middle installing of a gadget for detecting vehicles at toll plazas that turned into developed by means of the Von Braun center: every car bears a label with a chipVon Braun center
Some hospitals have tax incentives available for use in analysis. “In Brazil, world-class hospitals are encouraged by way of the executive to conduct studies that may yield results to help the general public fitness community,” explains Ana Maria Malik of FGV-SP. nowadays, six hospitals healthy that class: in São Paulo, the Sírio-Libanês, the Albert Einstein, the sanatorium do Coração (HCor), the Samaritano, and the Oswaldo Cruz; and in Rio Grande do Sul, the sanatorium Moinhos de Vento. All of those participate in the software to support the Institutional building of the Unified health system (SUS), the Proadi-SUS, and may reap profits tax deductions on sums allotted to analysis projects approved by using the Ministry of fitness. within the case of the health center Oswaldo Cruz, sixteen initiatives achieved between 2012 and 2014 were financed by using a waiver of about R$one zero five million in taxes.
at the Albert Einstein Israeli medical institution, custom-ordered research represents 5% of the initiatives it conducts. “Most of our research is sparked by using questions requested through physicians,” reviews Luiz Rizzo, government director of analysis on the Albert Einstein Israeli Institute of training and research. At latest the health center has 15,000 employees, seven hundred of whom are panic in scientific activities. In all there are 459 projects in development. nowadays, the primary line of analysis is ready getting older. The clinic’s budget for research is R$23 million a 12 months. moreover that sum, the sanatorium obtained greater than R$5 million in 2016 from participation in requests for proposal launched by using companies like FAPESP and CNPq and partnerships with overseas researchers on tasks supported by using international businesses just like the country wide Institutes of health (NIH) within the united states.
among hospitals that are conducting analysis in São Paulo are some that stand out because of their average specialties. here is true of the A.C.Camargo melanoma center, one in every of Brazil’s leading facilities for research and really expert care in oncology. In 2015, the sanatorium carried out 35 million remedies, 62% of that have been lined through the SUS. About 90 experts are engaged in scientific work, no longer counting members of the medical and caregiver corps who additionally perform tasks in collaboration with the analysis middle. The center occupies a constructing within the Liberdade district of the metropolis of São Paulo that become inaugurated in 2010 all over the administration of oncologist Ricardo Renzo Brentani. As CEO of FAPESP from 2004-2011, Brentani presided over the Antônio Prudente basis, which continues the A.C.Camargo, and in 1997 turned into answerable for launching the first graduate direction ever given at a private clinic in Brazil. “Professor Brentani showed the scientific corps that it's essential to do research, no longer best since it makes a change in one’s career however since it is essential in combating melanoma,” recollects Vilma Regina Martins, superintendent of research and schooling at the A.C.Camargo melanoma center. In 2015, 159 tasks were carried out and 168 articles published in overseas periodicals, addressing syllabus like analysis and medicine of cancer, tumor biology, and palliative care.
Eduardo Cesar Laboratory on the A.C.Camargo cancer middle: 159 oncology research projects have been achieved in 2015Eduardo Cesar
The Boldrini Pediatric middle, in Campinas, is additionally committed to melanoma research. developed as the effect of donations, the philanthropical hospital turned into based in 1978 and commenced to specialise in the treatment of cancer and blood illnesses of children and adolescents. It at present serves about 6,000 patients—most of them (eighty%) lined through the SUS. in the middle’s medical research work, the middle has been favourite due to the fact that 1980 for coordinating a couple of Brazilian protocols for medicine of acute lymphoid leukemia in children that helped boost the probabilities of a cure from 5% to eighty%. “With those cooperative reports, with a few Brazilian hospitals working collectively, the Boldrini was able to enforce subtle applied sciences in its examinations, molecular biology techniques and cytogenetics,” says surgeon Silvia Brandalise, government director of the center, which in 2017 will inaugurate its Institute of Molecular and mobile Engineering on a 4,000 m2 web page in Campinas. The center is the result of a partnership with Unicamp and the country wide Synchrotron mild Laboratory (LNLS).
AgribusinessApplied analysis in agribusiness has revitalized two usual private analysis institutes. one of them is the Sugarcane know-how core (CTC) established in 1969. The CTC grew to be an organization in 2011 with the businesses Raízen and Copersucar as principal shareholders. It then went looking for brand new sources of financing to leverage research in sugarcane. An trade file made on the time confirmed that, despite the fact sugarcane productiveness had expanded in fresh many years, there have been bottlenecks that hindered big positive factors in productiveness. “Defining a focus and boosting investments in analysis is fundamental with a view to extend productivity. The model we adopted gave the impression to be the most proper for responding to that problem, since it enables us to forge strategic alliances with different groups,” says Gustavo Teixeira Leite, CTC president. “Sugarcane is genetically very complicated: this makes analysis more complicated, costly, and time-consuming. It capacity that multinationals are much less interested in investing that effort,” says Leite, a former president of the multinational Monsanto in Brazil.
Between now and 2025, CTC’s aim is to introduce applied sciences that enable doubling the productivity of sugarcane, now at about 10 tons of sugar per hectare. To accomplish that, the approximately R$50 million invested annually has been raised to R$200 million a year. To get the plan begun, the core bought 19% of its stock to the BNDES for R$300 million, as well as acquiring lines of credit score from that financial institution and from the Brazilian Innovation company (FINEP). The CTC also changed its company model: it now sells know-how to customers and collects royalties. Its crew of 450 employees, of whom 300 work in analysis, is investing money on a few fronts. The number of genetic improvement courses has risen from one to 6 in order to create sugarcane varieties that meet the needs of the six Brazilian regions wherein it's produced. “The time it takes to reap a new variety, which became 15 years, has been shortened to 8 years.” another important program will strengthen artificial seeds. “Cane is planted these days the equal means because it become planted when Brazil changed into colonized: we use cuttings. We lay them in furrows and look ahead to them to grow. Our conception is to supply seeds from an embryo of the plant and sow them like we sow grain, anything now not yet being finished anyplace on this planet,” he says.
EDUARDO CESARWhile the CTC decided to become a company, yet another institution committed to agricultural research, the Citriculture protection Fund (Fundecitrus) is operating as a nonprofit deepest affiliation supported by way of citrus growers and the orange juice business. based in 1977, Fundecitrus now invests R$23 million yearly in research on controlling agricultural pests. A team of 15 researchers is working at four laboratories within the city of Araraquara and at sixty five experimental fields in three states. within the Nineties, when Citrus Variegated Chlorosis (CVC), a pathogen called amarelinho, or “yellowing” became greater extreme, Fundecitrus based its Scientific branch, which inherited the aims of Procitrus, a private basis corresponding to Fundecitrus. the trouble on the time turned into committed to surveillance and eradication of diseased flora. “We eventually had 4,000 inspectors traveling in a thousand vehicles to do inspections and enforce controls. Now we have turn into an intelligence middle,” says Juliano Ayres, supervisor of Fundecitrus.
the trouble by the fund, which works with universities, companies, and Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural analysis organization), has made it viable to cut back the incidence of amarelinho from a presence in 50% of flowers in 1990 to 3% this 12 months. progress occurred on account of a gaggle of research tasks that attempted to bear in mind the mechanisms during which the pest works and to handle it. The causative agent, the Xylella fastídiosa bacteria, became the area of the area’s first genetic sequencing of a pathogen, done with financing from FAPESP and a contribution from Fundecitrus. “No different citriculture trade in the world has analysis courses like ours. these days, the leading probability, a ailment referred to as greening, is affecting 18% of our orange groves, while in Florida that incidence will also be as excessive as eighty%,” Ayres observes.
léo ramos CEBRAP body of workers head up initiatives such as the center for Metropolitan Studiesléo ramos
national reference in public policyCEBRAP is supported through money from deepest sources and executive businesses
The Brazilian center for analysis and Planning (CEBRAP), a analysis institute committed to the social sciences and humanities, was founded in the late Nineteen Sixties beneath the management of a group of intellectuals and professors who had been compelled by using the dictatorship to retire. amongst them were the sociologist and future President of Brazil Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and thinker José Arthur Giannotti. Financed primarily via foundations that had been based mostly overseas, just like the Ford and MacArthur foundations, CEBRAP, in its first 15 years, committed its work to experiences wherein it grew to be a leading authority in health, demographics, and urban development. After re-democratization, the circulate of foreign money diminished and put the model liable to extinction. “a few institutes with the equal history ended up closing, but we were capable of adapt,” says sociologist Angela Alonso, a professor on the faculty of Philosophy, Literature and Human Sciences of the institution of São Paulo (USP) and latest president of the center.
however, adjustments had to be made within the organizational structure. CEBRAP encouraged its researchers, of whom it now has 38 who're everlasting, together with more than a hundred buddies, to follow for positions competitions at public universities via aggressive exams and stopped paying them salaries— as a consequence, those who teach on the public universities then develop into volunteers at CEBRAP. The materials bought from funding companies and executive organizations pay for important projects, just like the center for Metropolitan experiences, one of FAPESP’s research, Innovation and Dissemination centers (RIDCs), in addition to participation on the Brazilian Platform on Drug policy and opinions of public policies on behalf of city governments.
CEBRAP is often known as upon to behavior initiatives commissioned through inner most institutions. one among its current clients is Banco Itaú, which requested CEBRAP to examine websites at which bicycle condominium capabilities may be set up in essential Brazilian metropolitan areas. Public and personal financing have kept analysis alive inside CEBRAP, but it surely stills encounters roadblocks.
The inability to use research project funds to cowl its administrative overhead capability that the center would find it problematic, as an instance, to do an easy task on accessibility at its headquarters. A fundraising crusade directed toward in quest of donations from businessmen and alumni is being launched to aid finance mounted charges that are unrelated to analysis.